Although the cotton gin made cotton processing less labor-intensive, it helped planters earn greater profits, prompting them to grow larger crops, which in turn required more people.
InWhitney, then in his early 50s, married Henrietta Edwards, with whom he would have four children. Nathanael Greene of Rhode Island. A More Efficient Way Greene and her plantation manager, Phineas Millerexplained the problem with short-staple cotton to Whitney, and soon thereafter he built a machine that could effectively and efficiently remove the seeds from cotton plants.
The patent laws of the time had loopholes that made it difficult for Whitney to protect his rights asan inventor.
Paradoxically, the cotton gin, a labor-saving device, helped preserve slavery in the U. Some historians believe Catherine Greene devised the cotton gin and Eli Whitney merely built it and applied for the patent, since at that time women were not allowed to file for patents.
In this article, the author claimed Catharine Littlefield Greene suggested to Whitney the use of a brush-like component instrumental in separating out the seeds and cotton. The seed is reused for planting or is sent to an oil mill to be further processed into cottonseed oil and cottonseed meal.
Additionally, the greatly expanded supply of cotton created strong demand for textile machinery and improved machine designs that replaced wooden parts with metal. In the 19th century these efforts produced the "armory system," or American system of manufacturing.
Recently, historians have found that during —, Whitney took the money and headed into South Carolina in order to profit from the cotton gin.
There is significant evidence that the design flaws were solved by a plantation owner, Catharine Littlefield Greenewidow of the American Revolutionary War general Nathanael Greene ; Whitney gave her no public credit or recognition. At the time, guns were typically built individually by skilled craftsmen, so that each finished device was unique.
The stick machine uses centrifugal force to remove larger foreign matter, such as sticks and burrs, while the cotton is held by rapidly rotating saw cylinders. Special Items and Unique Gifts Imported Specialty Products Fine lotions, fragrances and soaps are just some of the amazing body care products you will find.
The new American government, realizing the need to prepare for war, began to rearm. The two entrepreneurs planned to build cotton gins and install them on plantations throughout the South, taking as payment a portion of all the cotton produced by each plantation.
Evidence for this type of gin has been found in Africa, Asia, and North America.
Interchangeable parts First contract of Eli Whitney as a firearms manufacturer, It became the U. This mechanical device was, in some areas, driven by water power.
Although the contract was for one year, Whitney did not deliver the arms untilusing multiple excuses for the delay. The design was similar to that of a mealing stonewhich was used to grind grain. This contributed to the economic development of the Southern states of the United States, a prime cotton growing area; some historians believe that this invention allowed for the African slavery system in the Southern United States to become more sustainable at a critical point in its development.
Although the younger Eli, born incould technically be called a "Junior", history has never known him as such. Many simple seed-removing devices had been invented, but until the innovation of the cotton gin, most required significant operator attention and worked only on a small scale.
Whitney died of prostate cancer on January 8,in New Haven, Connecticut, just a month after his 59th birthday. He died on January 8,at age Because slavery was the cheapest form of labor, cotton farmers simply acquired more slaves.
As a result, the region became even more dependent on plantations and slaverywith plantation agriculture becoming the largest sector of its economy. The War Department issued contracts for the manufacture of 10, muskets.The cotton gin, patented by American-born born inventor Eli Whitney inrevolutionized the cotton industry by greatly speeding up the tedious process of removing seeds and husks from cotton fiber.
Similar to today’s massive machines, Whitney’s cotton gin used hooks to draw unprocessed. Cotton gin definition is - a machine that separates the seeds, hulls, and foreign material from cotton. a machine that separates the seeds, hulls, and foreign material from cotton; a machine that separates the seeds of cotton plants from the cotton.
Eli Whitney (December 8, – January 8, ) was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the Antebellum South.
. Cotton gin: Cotton gin, machine for cleaning cotton of its seeds, invented in the United States by Eli Whitney in The cotton gin is an example of an invention directly called forth by an immediate demand; the mechanization of spinning in England had created a.
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