One of the big events that happened while Henry ruled was the killing of Thomas Becket. Without deep religious or moral convictionHenry nevertheless was respected by three contemporary saints, Aelred of Rievaulx, Gilbert of Sempringham, and Hugh of Lincoln.
By the multiplication of a class of Henry ii of england in finance and law Henry did much to establish two great professions, and the location of a permanent court at Westminster and the character of its business settled for England and for much of the English-speaking world that common lawnot Roman lawwould rule the courts and that London, and not an academy, would be its principal nursery.
She was born into a powerful ruling class of Normanswho traditionally owned extensive estates in both England and Normandy, and her first husband had been the Holy Roman Emperor Henry V. Physically he resembled his older brothers Robert CurthoseRichard and William Rufusbeing, as historian David Carpenter describes, "short, stocky and barrel-chested," with black hair.
Eleanor, twelve years older than Henry, was now decidedly Henry ii of england aged. Henry had constant struggles and battles against the French King Louis VII of Francebut also many conflicts with his own wife and sons. This meant that a number of local men, usually 12, would judge the case of someone accused of a crime.
An attempted reconciliation failed and Becket punished priests who had co-operated with Henry. Further disputes arose between young Henry and his equally fiery tempered brother, Richard.
When Henry II refused to give him control of Normandy, or any other land that would help pay his debts, he made advances to the barons of Aquitaine. In order to weather the storm, the King did public penance for his part in the affair, walking barefoot into Canterbury Cathedral, where he allowed the monks to scourge him as a sign of contrite penance.
It has also been suspected that Henry had a liaison with Margaret, daughter of King Louis, who had been married to Henry the Younger and was then betrothed to Richard for years whilst she remained in the custody of Henry.
Rebel castles were one problem, nobles avoiding military service was another. In the early months of the reign the King, using his energetic and versatile chancellor Becket, beat down the recalcitrant barons and their castles and began to restore order to the country and to the various forms of justice.
It is possible Henry acted under the influence of a "Canterbury plot," in which English ecclesiastics strove to dominate the Irish church.
A story is related that riding through London together on a cold winters day, Henry saw a pauper shivering in his rags. Although he was King of Englandhe never learnt the English language because his family had come over from Normandy in Eleanor was deeply insulted and the rift between the couple grew steadily over time into a gaping gulf.
He married Eleanor of Aquitaine in and was crowned king in He was joined at the court of France by his equally turbulent brothers, Richard, Duke of Aquitaine and Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany since his marriage to the heiress Constance of Brittany.
He has a broad, square, lion-like face. Their characters complimented each other: After Eleanor encouraged her children to rebel against their father inHenry had her placed under house-arrest, where she remained for fifteen years.
For the remaining 20 years of his rule, he would personally regret the death of a man who "in happier times Becket did eventually back down, but their quarrel continued and became more embittered, culminating in Beckett fleeing the country.
The years until his death in were dominated by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. Inafter Pope Innocent III banned priests from overseeing ordeals, Jury trials became the most common way of judging criminals.Henry's mother, Matilda of Flanders, was the granddaughter of Robert II of France, and she probably named Henry after her uncle, King Henry I of France.
 Henry was the youngest of. Jun 20, · Henry II's position was more precarious at this point than at any previous time in his reign.
If he even appeared to be losing, most of the nobles of England were poised to desert him.
Henry II (5 March – 6 July ), also known as Henry Curtmantle (French: Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England (–89) and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany Parents: Empress Matilda, Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou.
Henry II of England, also known as Henry II Curtmantle (Le Mans, France, 5 March – Chinon, France, 6 July ) was also Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France.
Henry II of England (March 5, – July 6, ) ruled as King of England (–), Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France. Henry was the first of.
Henry Plantagenet: A Biography of Henry II of England [Richard Barber] on mi-centre.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Henry II is the most imposing figure among the medieval kings of England.
His fiefs and domains extended from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean/5(6).Download